2nd Kup

2nd Kup

What does Red Belt Signify?

Red Belt signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away.


What is the difference between 1, 2 and 3-step sparring?

Use of focus, distance and timing become vital as the complexity of techniques increases. The student needs to look to the tenets of Tae Kwon-Do and exercise self-control, in addition to adding an element of realism. The complexity of the attack is increased from punching to hand and foot combinations. The use of speed and reaction also aids with the realism of set sparring.


What is the difference between a strike and a thrust?

A strike is designed to smash or destroy the target area and can impact from any angle to either soft or hard targets.

A thrust is designed to penetrate the target area and only drives straight towards the soft areas of the body.


Which patterns have a release move in them?

Do San, Joong Gun & Hwa Rang


What is the Red Belt Pattern?

Hwa Rang Tul


What is the meaning of Hwa Rang Tul & how many movements does it have?

Hwa Rang is the name given to an army of young warriors, from the Silla Dynasty of Korea. They were first mentioned in AD 600, and over the years they gradually became a significant force in the unification of Korea’s three kingdoms.

Hwa Rang means “Flowering Youth”, and comprises of 29 movements which refer to the 29th Infantry Division where Tae Kwon-Do developed.

29 Movements.


Korean Translations
Closed Ready Stance ‘C’ Moa Junbi Sogi ‘C’
Palm Pushing Block Sonbadak Miro Makgi
Outer Forearm Low Block Bakat Palmok Najunde Makgi
Inner Forearm Middle Block An Palmok Kaunde Makgi
Sitting Stance Annun Sogi
Walking Stance Gunnun Sogi
‘L’ Stance Niunja Sogi
Vertical Stance Soo Jik Sogi
Upward Punch Ollyo Jirugi
Obverse Punch Baro Jirugi
Knife Hand Downward Strike Sonkal Naeryo Taerigi
Side Elbow Thrust Yop Palkup Tulgi
Release Move Jap Yasol Tae
Side Piercing Kick Yop Cha Jirugi
Double Punch Doo Jirugi
Knife Hand Strike Sonkal Taerigi
Upper Elbow Strike Wi Palkup Taerigi
Downward Kick Naeryo Chagi
Crescent Kick Bandal Chagi
Hooking Kick Golcho Chagi
Reverse Turning Kick Bandae Dollyo Chagi
Flying Side Kick Twimyo Yop Chagi
Turning Kick Dollyo Chagi
Front Snap Kick Ap Cha Busigi
Flying Kick Twimyo Chagi
Back Kick Dwit Chagi
Side Piercing Kick Yop Cha Jirugi
Reverse Hook Kick Bandae Dollyo Goro Chagi